what is world heritage day?
Every April 18th, the globe celebrates International Monuments and Sites Day, also known as World Heritage Day.
Its mission is to encourage local communities and individuals to value cultural heritage. The day also attempts to raise awareness of the diversity and vulnerability of cultural heritage, as well as preservation initiatives.
Heritage sites are hosting a variety of programs and tours to commemorate World Heritage Day. People can also participate in seminars or group discussions on heritage-related subjects.
The theme of World Heritage Day 2022 is ‘Heritage and Climate,’ which aims to promote conservation research and the use of sustainable ways to safeguard heritage assets. Every year, the International Council on Monuments and Sites makes a decision. ICOMOS encourages individuals of all faiths to put aside their differences and come forward to share the message of solidarity.
The ICOMOS organization was founded on the ideals outlined in the Venice Charter, commonly known as the 1964 International Charter on the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites. During a meeting in Tunisia, the International Council of Mountains and Sights proposed honoring World Heritage Day on April 18, 1982.
famous monuments of the world
1. Eiffel tower:
When the French government was planning the International Exposition of 1889 to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution, a design competition for a suitable monument was held.
The tower stands 300 meters (984 ft) tall. It is supported by a 5-metre (17 foot) high foundation, and a television antenna atop the tower giving it a total elevation of 324 meters (1,063 feet). Until the topping off of the Chrysler Building in New York City in 1929, the Eiffel Tower was the tallest structure in the world.
Eiffel tower is also knowns as the most Romantic spot in the world. Eiffel tower is located in Paris, France.
2. leaning tower of Pisa
The Leaning Tower of Pisa was the result of a human error. A simple miscalculation in the 11th century resulted in an incredible 14,500-tonne leaning structure!
Since the earth was soft, sandy, and unstable, construction has produced numerous issues. During construction, the builders attempted to balance the leaning side with more columns on the other side, but the tower remained slanted, as do many other buildings in the vicinity.
The tower was strengthened in 2000 by installing stronger soil beneath it. It is possible to go up the 251 stairs to the viewing platform at the top of the tower, which is an incredible experience. Take a picture of yourself from the grounds next to the tower to ‘hold’ the tower.
3. statue of liberty
The Statue of Liberty stands 92 meters/305 feet tall and is made of iron with copper skin.
Lady Liberty, as the statue is commonly known, was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, and the massive iron skeleton was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, who also constructed the Eiffel Tower.
Traditionally, a woman has been depicted as Liberty in classical images. The face of the Statue of Liberty is said to be modeled after the sculptor’s mother.
4. taj mahal
The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–58) to honor his wife Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in childbirth in 1631 after being the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612.
It is India’s most famous and well-known structure, and it is located in the eastern part of the city on the southern (right) bank of the Yamuna (Jumna) River. Agra Fort (Red Fort), also on the Yamuna’s right bank, is about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the Taj Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is recognized as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles, due to its harmonious proportions and fluid incorporation of decorative elements.
5. Great Pyramids of Giza
When we hear the name Monument the first thing that comes to our mind is the Great Pyramids of Giza.
The Great Pyramid of Giza near Cairo is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one that still stands today.
The pyramids are made of stone and bricks and are located near Cairo, Egypt’s capital.
The Egyptian pyramids were constructed at a time when only manual labor was available and no mechanical lifting equipment was available.
The pyramids were built to house the bodies of ancient Egypt’s pharaohs. The Sphinx, the famous monument of a lion body with a pharaoh’s head, is located next to the Giza pyramids.
These 5 monuments that are mentioned above are recognized by everyone in the world, World Heritage Day also known as Monuments and sites day is celebrated all over the world and everyone takes part in it.
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