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The G20, a periodic meeting of senior political officials to discuss global economic issues.
A politician is a person who engages in political activities. There are several meanings of the term:


In the first place, it refers to people linked to the public administration; A politician is considered to be any person affiliated with a political party and who has been elected or appointed for tasks associated with public bodies, associations, or institutions.
Second, a politician can refer to any person affiliated with an association or group that develops partisan activity, regardless of whether or not they hold any public office.

In non-democratic countries or countries with problems of representation, some people carry out political activities outside the administration, sometimes becoming political prisoners.
In most countries, the legal system considers elected or appointed politicians as representatives of the people in the maintenance, management, and administration of public resources. Said ordinance considers that a politician must look after the general interest of citizens and maintain a professional ethic of service to the people and not to himself. Corruption, demagoguery, sectarianism, and incompetence are evils that affect the political class in most countries to a greater or lesser extent.

He is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed, through knowledge about social dynamics and the exercise of power. This includes people who hold positions with decision-making power in the government, and those who seek to obtain such positions, through elections or by appointment or appointment, or through a revolution, coup, or electoral fraud.



Politicians, that is, women engaged in political activities, represent a lower percentage worldwide than politicians. In global terms, women in unicameral parliaments constitute 22.6% and, in bicameral parliaments, 22.9% in the Chamber of Deputies and 21.3% in the Senate.1 To correct this inequality, international and state organizations have adopted measures to develop the right to parity.2


Main article: Politics of Spain
In Spain, it is estimated that there are around 75,000 politicians3 left the polls, in contrast to a false report4 from the Presidency of the Government, released by the newspaper El Aguijón, which stated that there were around 450,000 politicians.5

Pedro Calvo Asensio

Pedro Calvo Asensio (1821-1863), deputy, journalist, writer, and doctor of pharmacy, was one of the most influential Spanish politicians of the 19th century. We see the image of him on a National Lottery ticket.

Types of politicians

Weber points out that a politician is a person who aspires to power; to power as a means to achieve other ends or to the same power, to enjoy the feeling of prestige that is conferred.

There are two ways of making politics a profession: you live from politics (the person seeks an end or economic level), or you live for politics, you make your life in an intimate sense; either he simply enjoys the exercise of the power he possesses, or he feeds his equilibrium and his tranquility with the awareness of having given his life meaning by putting it at the service of “something.”

The three qualities of a politician are:

Passion (service or vocation towards something).
Sense of responsibility.
Measure (ability to let reality act on you without losing your recollection and tranquility) .9


Main article: Politics of Switzerland
In Switzerland, there are militia politicians, that is, politicians who do not make a living from politics. All parliamentarians, deputies, and senators continue to carry out their work; the only exception is the seven national and cantonal ministers, who are full-time and receive a salary.10 11 12

Requirements to be a politician

To occupy a political position, such as councilor, mayor, deputy, senator, minister, president of the government, it is not necessary to have any type of studies.To be a member of the Government, it is necessary to be Spanish, of legal age, to enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, as well as not be disqualified from exercising employment or public office by final judicial decision

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