Feminism, belief in gender, economic, and political equality. Although most come from the West. But women are celebrities all over the world and have representatives of organizations dedicated to their activities in the name of women’s rights and interests.
For most of Western history, women were imprisoned at home, while public life was reserved for men. In medieval Europe, women were denied the right to own property, to study, or to participate in public life. In the late 19th century in France, they still tried to cover their heads in public, and in parts of Germany, the husband had the right to sell the wife. Even in the early 20th century, women could not vote or hold alternate positions in Europe and most of the United States. (Where many territories and states allowed women’s elections before the federal government did so), women were prevented from doing business without male representatives, whether they were fathers, brothers, wives, legislators, or even son. Married women cannot control their children without her husband’s permission. Moreover, women have little or no access to education and are excluded from most careers. In some parts of the world, such restrictions on women still exist today.
The ancient world
Without sufficient evidence for an early protest against limited status in the 3rd century BC, Roman women filled Capitol Hill and blocked it up to the Forum when Consul Mark Portia Kato opposed the “anti-corruption” policy. Try to repeal laws that restrict women’s use of expensive goods.
However, rebellion has proved to be extraordinary. Much of the recorded history is the only voice that speaks out against the low status of women that defines the arguments that will emerge. In the late 14th and early 15th centuries, the first feminist philosopher Christine de Pizan challenged the current behavior of women with a strong demand for women’s education. Her cloak was shot by 15th-century Venetian Laura Cereta, who published the Epistolae families (1488; “Personal Letters”; Trans. Collected Letters of a Renaissance Feminist), a series of letters associated with complaints of women’s panic from denial. education on marriage and the oppression of less important women’s clothing.
The protection of women became a literary subgenre in the late 16th century when Il Merito Delle Donne (1600; Worth Woman), a feminist by another Venetian author, Moderata Fonte, published after his death. Defenders of the original state described women as generally superficial and immoral, while newborns made a long list of courage and achievements and said that women would have intellectual equality of men if they do it. They are both educated.
After the prayer
When the main purpose of prayer was achieved, the feminist movement almost collapsed in Europe and the United States. The lack of ideology beyond the success of the women’s vote is divided into dozens: The Joint Women’s Parliamentary Committee, a lobby group, is fighting to pass laws promoting education and health care for mothers and newborns. they are children for the Women’s Alliance of Women. She conducted voter registration and educational actions, and the Federation of Women of Trade Unions launched a campaign to pass legislation to protect women.
Each of these groups offers a portfolio of citizens. But no one is a particular feminist. During the vacuum, the National Girl Party, led by Paul, proposed new initiatives to remove discrimination from U.S. law and encouraged women to approach equality through the Equal Rights Amendment. (ERA) to ban. The Skateboarding Government-Based Discrimination Penalty started because many feminists did not seek equality. They fought for laws that would directly benefit women. However, Paul said protection such as a law imposing a maximum of eight hours shift for factory workers closes women’s opportunities by setting expensive rules for employers who are more likely to take women.
Too many questions, can women eliminate discrimination without compromising the necessary environmental and protective equipment? What is the purpose of the feminist movement – to create complete equality or to meet the needs of women? And if the price of equality is not protected, how many women want equality? The debate is not limited to the United States. Proponents of women’s rights, such as Alette Jacobs of the Netherlands or Beatrice Webb of England, agreed with Paul’s demands for equality and the law that protects women. However, the women’s union defended the need for a law that would help them.
Conflict and discussion
Major groups such as the National Women’s Institute (NOW) have launched campaigns for legal equality, while ad hoc groups have conducted sessions and marches for a variety of reasons, ranging from attacking colleges without female authors until promotion. The use of the word Miss is a form of impartial reference, meaning a reference that does not refer to marital status. Establishment of health groups and crisis centers for rape. Child books are rewritten to understand gender stereotypes. The Department of Women’s Education was established in colleges and universities. Labor protection laws have been reduced. Employers who are found to be discriminating against employees must refund a fee. Women began to find jobs as pilots, construction workers, soldiers, bankers, and bus drivers, which were not excluded from decades of men’s occupations.
Unlike the first wave, the second wave feminism has sparked an extensive theoretical discussion about the origins of female oppression, gender, and the role of the family. Gender politician Kate Millett was the best-selling figure in the 1970s, where she expanded the idea of politics to cover all “structural power relations” and said that the individual really played a role in politics. Radical feminists in New York published The Dialectic of Sex of the same year, reaffirming their love for women who are not oppressed by fostering a close relationship with the man they love – the oppressive one year that passed, Germaine Greer. An Australian living in London published The Female Eunuch, in which she said that sexual harassment would destroy them from the creative force they needed to be independent and self-sufficient.
Globalization of feminism
In the latter part of the 20th century, European and American feminists began talking to feminist movements in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. When this happens, women in developed countries, especially intellectuals, are shocked to discover that women in some countries are forced to wear veils in public or have to get married, attack, abuse women, or need to wear veils. Widows or Women Genital Mutilation (FGC) Many Western feminists are seen as saviors of Third World women, rarely understanding their understanding and solutions to social problems. This is often contrary to the real-life and concerns of women in the regions. For example, in many parts of Africa, the status of women began to decline largely in the face of European colonialism. In these regions, the idea that patriarchy is the main problem, and not European imperialism, seems absurd.
The conflicts between women in developed and developing countries are clear in global contexts. Following the 1980 United Nations World Conference on Women: Equality, Development, and Peace in Copenhagen, women from less developed countries complained that the Veil and the FGC were chosen as a conference priority when do not consult women. Most importantly, Western colleagues did not seem to listen to them. During an international conference on population and development in Cairo in 1994, Third World women from outside protested believing that Europeans and Americans had hijacked the agenda. Protesters are expected to discuss how underdeveloped women are. But conference organizers decided to focus on birth control and abortion. “[Third World women] said they could not worry about anything if their children died in the chaos.” The conference focused on reducing the number of newborn babies in the third world to protect resources in the world, “wrote Azizah al-Hibri, a Muslim law professor and scholar on women’s rights. (Or is it because of the First World) that it uses so many resources?” Women in 1995, Third World women again criticized American and European women for using them. Language on reproductive rights and discrimination issues based on sexual orientation and disregard for the platform’s most important offers. For less developed countries debt restructuring abroad.
Predictably, it must be dealt with by a third judge. Although the third wave found its sound, some authors asserted feminine rights to themselves and claimed that the movement exceeded its benefits. At the same time, early feminists argued that the issue did not really change and younger women did not add any material. Around 2000, some writers from the movement and more quickly said that the wave was broken. In addition, the issue of sexual behavior has led to a debate about whether things like revealing clothes, branded designer tops, and dancing on the amateur pole represent the real thing. sexual liberation and equality. Sexual bullying or obscure adult
Like any other social or political movement, there are divisions and disagreements in every wave of feminism. The third wave, which is almost impossible for members of the first and second waves, is many and many sides, covering people of any gender and nationality. And any class, identity, experience, and interest For this reason, some have attacked its greatest strength, multiculturalism as its greatest weakness. Third parties have responded to this criticism, citing the creation of a unified agenda or philosophy, or at least one, in addition to the general statements offered by groups such as the aforementioned Third Wave Foundation. (“Racial groups based on gender and individuals with racial and economic and social justice”) – a goal that is not only unrealistic but undesirable.