The largest companies in the world are usually measured by their market capitalization, which represents the purchase cost of all the shares of a company at any given time.
Apple is a technology company based in Cupertino, California. It was founded in 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne and focused on the production of computers, but its line has expanded over the years. to like iTunes, Apple Music, and Apple Pay. It is currently led by CEO Tim Cook.
Since then, Apple’s market capitalization has fallen below $ 1 trillion, meaning the competition for the top spot is fierce.
Microsoft is a technology company based in Redmond, Washington. It was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1975 as a software developer, although its product line has since expanded to include computer hardware as well. Its most famous software products are Microsoft Windows and the Office suite, while its hardware includes Xbox consoles and Surface tablets.
Microsoft has always been among the 10 largest companies in the world by market capitalization, and its share price has risen by around 400% in the last ten years (as of November 20, 2018).
Amazon is an e-commerce and cloud computing company, based in Seattle, Washington. It was founded in 1994 by Jeff Bezos, who continues to be the CEO of the company. Back then it was called Cadabra and it only sold books. Since then, the product range has expanded to the point where it is now informally referred to as “the everything store.
From November 2008 to November 2018, Amazon shares grew by around 2,800%. The company became the second to achieve a $ 1 trillion valuation when it temporarily reached this figure in September 2018.
The alphabet was founded in a restructuring of Google Inc. in 2015 and is based in Mountain View, California. It is the parent company of Google (which offers the search engine of the same name and YouTube), and includes lesser-known subsidiaries, including:
X: is a research and development company that works on moonshot projects, which aim to develop transformation technologies, such as autonomous cars and Google Glass
CapitalG: is an advanced stage investment company that has invested in companies such as Snap Inc., Lyft, Stripe and AirBNB
GV: is a venture capital company that invests in startup companies
Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A / BRK.B)
It began life in 1839 as the Valley Falls Company, a textile manufacturer, and became Berkshire Hathaway in 1955 after several mergers. It was bought by Warren Buffett in the mid-1960s, who is still the CEO of the company.
As a result, the group’s income comes from a diversified portfolio, which includes companies from the most diverse sectors: insurance and finance, food, construction, clothing, footwear, marketing, media, aerospace and defense, electronics, automotive and more.
Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)
Johnson & Johnson is a multinational manufacturer of consumer goods, medical devices, and pharmaceuticals based in New Brunswick, New Jersey. It was founded in 1886 by the Johnson brothers: Robert Wood, James Wood, and Edward Mead, and is currently led by President and CEO Alex Gorsky.
The company also sells medical devices for use in operating rooms, for example, and develops treatments for conditions that span a wide range of therapeutic areas.
Between November 2008 and November 2018, Johnson & Johnson shares rose 145%. Since 2013 it is a stable member of the 10 largest companies by market capitalization.
Alibaba Group (BABA)
Alibaba Group is a Chinese company that offers a wide variety of B2B, B2C and C2C Internet services. It was founded by Jack Ma, who remains the CEO of the company, and is led by CEO Daniel Zhang. It is based in Hangzhou, Zheijang.
Facebook Inc. is a company that offers social media and social networking services, based in Menlo Park, California. It was founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg, who remains the CEO of the company.
Facebook connects more than 2.2 billion active users each month – more than the population of China, Brazil and the United States combined. The company also manages other social media platforms, such as Instagram and WhatsApp.
JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM)
JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an investment bank and financial services company, based in New York City. when J.P. Morgan & Co. and Chase Manhattan Corporation merged and became subsidiaries of the new firm.
However, its origins date back to the Bank of the Manhattan Company, founded in 1799. It is currently led by Jamie Dimon, President and CEO.
Among all its subsidiaries, the bank offers a wide variety of financial services, including investment banking, asset and wealth management, and private banking. Its share price has increased 190% since November 2008 (as of November 20, 2018).
Tencent Holdings Limited (TCEHY)
Tencent Holdings Limited is a Chinese holding company based in Nanshan District, Shenzhen. It was founded in 1998 by Zhang Zhidong, Xu Chenye, Chen Yidan, Zeng Liqing, and Ma Huateng. The latter remains president and CEO.
Tencent’s subsidiaries span a wide range of industries, as the companies in its portfolio are engaged in a wide variety of sectors. These include e-commerce, social media, video games, financial services, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing, to name just a few. An example to illustrate the size of the company is that it owns the four most important music applications in China, which together have around 800 million monthly active users (much more than Spotify, which only has around 200 million subscribers. , mainly in western countries).